Indian National Green Party


National Policy-Economic Understanding

1.1 Principles
The Indian National Green Party are committed to four pillars of Green Economics:

1.1.1 Ecological Integrity
The Indian National Green Party affirm the inherent worth and interconnectedness of all living things. Biodiversity is an essential component of human welfare, yielding both utilitarian and existence values. The intrinsic value of biodiversity, in its own right, is also emphasised by the Indian National Green Party.
Society needs to uncouple the traditional relationship between economic growth and increased resource use, so that irreparable damage to nature is avoided and the depletion of the natural resource base is slowed. The impact of economic activity must be kept within environmental limits, particularly the capacity of ecosystems to process wastes. Integration of economic, social and environmental imperatives must replace the narrow pursuit of economic growth as currently defined. Many environmental problems are global in scale, therefore the maintenance of ecological integrity requires the adoption of a global perspective.

1.1.2 Equity
Social responsibility implies that people should contribute in proportion to their ability and resources, and that the community should ensure that no-one is forced to go without the necessities of life. The phasing out of unsustainable activities should not further deprive people who do not have sufficient means to live. These responsibilities apply at the individual, local, national and international levels.
In ensuring equity within the current generation, we must treat future generations equitably. This implies solidarity with deprived groups in our country as well as with disadvantaged countries and nations elsewhere. It also implies solidarity with future generations. Each generation should receive an endowment of social and environmental assets that allows for human needs to be met and development options to be pursued. Because the negative consequences of human activity on the ability of future generations to meet their needs are not fully understood, the precautionary principle should become an important decision-making tool.

1.1.3 Empowerment and Choice
Social, political and economic institutions must allow individuals and communities to determine their own priorities, while ensuring that we have the ability - as a wider community - to meet our national and international obligations.
The Indian National Green Party also recognise that the market does not provide sufficient tools for informed rational choice which would maintain a long term perspective and lead to equitable outcomes.

1.1.4 Caring and Cooperation
The fulfilment of human potential and the enrichment of lives are best achieved by people living and working together, and guided by common goals. These goals should respect and enhance the integrity and diversity of human and ecological communities and recognise their global linkages.
Economic activity involves the cooperation of many different individuals and groups in the production, distribution and consumption of a wide range of goods and services. The focus of activity should be on cooperation and opportunities for mutual benefits, rather than on competition and control that typically benefit powerful minorities. Cooperative principles should also apply to the protection and management of the global commons and resources.

1.1.5 Provision of Services by the Public Sector
The Indian National Green Party believe that a strong public sector is a prerequisite for a healthy civil society and that some services, because of the community service obligations required of them and the essential nature of the services, should be undertaken by public sector agencies. Ownership by the government does not preclude some such agencies being run on a corporatised basis, but does mean that fulfilling of community service obligations may mean that their profits would not be as great as they would be without such obligations. This reduced revenue is accepted as a necessary cost in a civil and equitable society. These community service obligations may include providing services at reduced rates to the disadvantaged in society, for example, the aged or sick, and providing services to rural and remote communities.
Such services, which are often natural monopolies because of the efficiency of having a single or well coordinated distribution system, include, but are not necessarily limited to, water supplies and distribution, electricity services, employment services, social and cultural services, phone and postal services, education, health, judiciary, town planning, environmental management, policing and custodial services, the radio and television services, public transport and interstate rail services, national parks, and defence. Of course public services should continue to provide and to extend its services to the public and to the government executive, with increased public involvement in government decision making and provision of services as an important mechanism for ensuring the appropriateness and effectiveness of government policies and action.

1.2 Goals
The Indian National Green Party aim to:
(a) keep natural monopolies and other essential public services under public ownership and re-establish such ownership as necessary;
(b) ensure the level of services in rural and remote communities is, as far as practicable, comparable with those provided in metropolitan areas and such as to ensure the vitality and strengthening of rural communities and the quality of life in those communities.
At a national level the Indian National Green Party are working towards a sustainable society in which quality of life is considered to be of the utmost importance. To this end, policy priorities are:
a) better distribution of work and income;
b) a more equitable taxation system; and
c) an improved social safety net.
An imperative is the adoption of a set of policy guidelines for the costing of environmental impacts and for the movement of the economy towards the sustainable use of India’s renewable resources.
The Indian National Green Party support continued public ownership and control of public sector enterprises especially services such as power, water and telecommunications.
At the same time, the Indian National Green Party emphasise the importance of an international approach to addressing social and environmental problems. Global cooperation must be directed at:
l implementing the principle of intergenerational equity in considering social and environmental conditions;
l bringing an end to the profligate use and pollution of the unpriced global commons (atmosphere and oceans), and scarce resources; and
l addressing the problems of poverty and imbalance in resources.
At the same time, however, it is recognised that national sovereignty is important in enabling effective global cooperation.

1.3 Short Term Targets
The Indian National Green Party are committed to the following :
a) the abandonment of economic growth (as conventionally measured), as the principal index of welfare, in favour of alternative indices, to be developed and integrated at national, state and regional level, and that regularly show:
l changes in the quality of life of the population;
l changes in the distribution of income and wealth; and
l changes in inventories and flows of environmental resources.
b) the adoption of taxation policy as a principal tool for achieving sustainable economic development.
c) focusing on taxing natural resources (ecological taxes) as a necessary departure from the emphasis on the taxing of incomes and labour. These policies include :
L the internalisation of the massive external costs associated with India’s industrial economy; and
L the need for a fair distribution of national income and wealth.
d) the targeting of spending policies to:
L meet the basic needs of all Indians;
L provide incentives for the substitution of renewables for non-renewable resources;
L support the restructuring of industry ; and
e) that trade, and trade agreements, entered into by India, are subject to the priorities of human welfare and ecological sustainability..